Wilson Ranch Landscape Concept
The focus of
the Wilson Ranch Landscape Concept is the integration of each
building into its natural setting. This
concept relies primarily on the use of indigenous plants, but
may also allow use of other visually and
horticulturally compatible plants. Plantings
should be in natural drifts, groves, or masses with occasional
specimen plantings that provide accent in a manner that reflects
The successful residential landscape provides a
graceful transition from the design form and vocabulary of the built
environment to the indigenous ranch qualities of the Methow Valley.
There is evidence that fire suppression strategies
have actually increased the intensity of wildfires when they finally
do occur. In managed areas where fires are rapidly suppressed,
duff and dead matter build up, making an eventual fire more intense
and dangerous. Therefore, frequent routine maintenance by the
homeowner to remove fuel should occur to reduce fire hazards.
A fire-resistant landscape should incorporate these concepts, as appropriate,
for the individual site. A combined effort of management and maintenance of the
surrounding landscape to minimize fire hazard should occur to increase the safety
buffer around structures and reduce the danger posed by wildfire. The visual
identity of Wilson Ranch is the forest.
Maintaining a healthy forest that is resistant to insect and disease is also
important in the landscape concept. Eliminating diseased or bug infested trees
will be a priority for owners at Wilson Ranch. The principals of the Wilson Ranch
Forest Management Plan will be followed.
and Shrub Areas
The landscape concept at Wilson Ranch focuses primarily
on the use of indigenous tree areas accented with shrub plantings.
Use of turf for lawns is discouraged. If minor amounts of turf
are used, daily water restrictions must be adhered to. The
turf areas must be integrated into a natural landscape. This must
approved by the Design Review Committee in a landscape plan
prior to installation.
Trees are the
dominant feature in the Wilson Ranch landscape, and these Guidelines
emphasize the use of trees and the
material to provide the most visual and memorable impact. Trees
also can serve diverse functions - from shading in hot summers
to blocking cold winter winds or undesirable
and Planting Concept
materials, plants, trees, and features are to be preserved and
protected. Removal of any existing native landscape elements
must be approved by
the Committee. Sensitivity to
landscape design, home siting, and construction practices decreases
the impact to the natural setting, and may also reduce the cost
of landscape maintenance for the Owner. The
following procedures are recommended:
- Survey the homesite to
identify trees to remain and those to be removed
- Leave a majority of the homesite
undisturbed by removing vegetation required for the home and create
view corridors. These view
corridors will be determined by a registered forester, landscape
architect, or representative of the developer on a per homesite basis
fencing around significant trees and vegetation clusters during
reduce erosion, erect silt fences and place mulch on bare soil
xeriscape to reduce water usage during drought times
- All specimen
trees must be protected during construction with temporary fencing
Residential Landscape Criteria
Landscape Zones Overview
the individual properties, all new building construction will
take place in carefully defined building envelopes, selected to
avoid unique natural, cultural and scenic resources.In
a few envelopes, some mitigation will be required. For
example, removing a few trees will be necessary on heavily wooded
Within each building
envelope or zone, regulations for the siting of buildings and
the design of the improvements will
assure that potential visual impacts are mitigated, and that
the natural landscape always dominates the scene. For
that reason, the Committee will require each design to be based
on a detailed site analysis to be submitted with plans for proposed
improvements, and will be subject to a thorough design review
residential landscape design criteria are provided to enhance
the definition of each home site. The primary goal is to protect
individual property values through the implementation of an appropriate
landscape treatment. These
criteria must be followed to successfully receive the approvals
required by the Committee.
Each Wilson Ranch homesite must maintain a cohesive
framework from which the property owners can express their unique
tastes and personality and the natural qualities of each homesite.
landscape plans are to be submitted as a part of the Design Review
and Submittal Process described in
Section V. A $1000.00 Letter
of Credit, Cash Bond or cash deposit must be provided to the
Wilson Ranch Association (WRA) to ensure that each homesite completes
construction prior to home occupancy, seasonal conditions permitting.
Definition: The Building Zone is the maximum
area permitted to provide for the home, outbuildings and gardens.
Maintain the natural state of the homesite to retain
the connection to the existing forest and open space.
turf areas must be minor and limited to this zone. Turf must be
integrated into the natural landscape setting. Large blocks of
turf areas are not permitted.
Forest Management Zone includes all the remaining of the privately
owned property outside the area the Building Zone. The size
area varies, depending on the depth of property and the placement
of the home on the property.
Minimize thinning of ground cover vegetation and tree removal to
frame views rather than total clearing.
All trees will be managed to maintain a healthy and diverse forest
stand and follow the principles of wildfire prevention (Fire
Wise) and forest health. Information on wildfire prevention
is available on line and in brochures from the Design Review Committee.
Thinning and planting is subject to Wilson Ranch Design Review
Committee approval. Turf areas are not permitted in this zone.
Combining proper forest management techniques with
an approved landscape plan will greatly enhance the ecology
of Wilson Ranch, reduce wildfire hazard, reduce landscape
cost/maintenance, and retain essential cover and nesting areas
its wildlife and fauna. Driveways
that are winding/meandering limit impact to wildlife and ecosystems.
fire-tolerant, fire-resistant, or even fire-requiring adaptations
in Intermountain Northwest plant species have been identified. Many
of the plant types in the Intermountain Northwest have adapted
to frequent, rapid, low-temperature fires.
landscape should incorporate these concepts, as appropriate,
for the individual site. A combined effort of management and
maintenance of the surrounding landscape to minimize fire hazard
to increase the safety buffer around structures and reduce the
danger posed by wildfire. The visual
identity of Wilson Ranch is the forest. The
following tree palette is provided as a reference for the homeowner
when additional and replacement trees are in order. Examples
of appropriate trees are:
| Shade/Large Trees
Pacific Silver Fir
Western White Pine
Rocky Mountain Juniper
Western Beaked Hazel
Western Mountain Ash
High Bush Cranberry
Tall Oregon Grape*
| Grasses and Sedges
Wild Blue Flax
Brittle Bladder Fern
Spiny Wood Fern
Early Blue Violet
False Solomon's Seal
Five Leaved Bramble
One Leafed Foamflower
Hooker's Fairy Bells
Long Leaved Phlox
Small Flowered Blue Eyed Mary
Sweet Scented Bedstraw
Yellow Evening Primrose
Yellow Monkey Flower
*Fire resistant plants.